Mylne, Robert

Mylne, Robert
b. 1733 Edinburgh, Scotland d. 1811
Scottish engineer, architect and bridge-builder.
Mylne was the eldest son of Thomas Mylne, Surveyor to the City of Edinburgh. Little is known of his early education. In 1754, at the age of 21, he left Edinburgh by sea and journeyed to Rome, where he attended the Academy of St Luke. There he received the first prize for architecture. In 1759 he left Rome to travel back to England, where he arrived in time for the competition then going ahead for the design and building of a new bridge across the Thames at Blackfriars. Against 68 other competitors, Mylne won the competition; the work took some ten years to complete.
In 1760 he was appointed Engineer and Architect to the City of London, and in 1767 Joint Engineer to the New River Company together with Henry Mill, who died within a few years to leave Mylne to become Chief Engineer in 1770. Thus for the next forty years he was in charge of all the works for the New River Company between Clerkenwell and Ware, the opposite ends of London's main water supply. By 1767 he had also been appointed to a number of other important posts, which included Surveyor to Canterbury Cathedral and St Paul's Cathedral. In addition to undertaking his responsibilities for these great public buildings, he designed many private houses and villas all over the country, including several buildings for the Duke of Argyll on the Inverary Castle estate.
Mylne was also responsible for the design of a great number of bridges, waterworks and other civil engineering works throughout Britain. Called in to advise on the Norwich city waterworks, he fell out with Joseph Bramah in a somewhat spectacular dispute.
For much of his life Mylne lived at the Water House at the New River Head at Islington, from which he could direct much of the work on that waterway that came under his supervision. He also had residences in New Bridge Street and, as Clerk of Works, at Greenwich Hospital. Towards the end of his life he built himself a small house at Amwell, a country retreat at the outer end of the New River. He kept a diary from 1762 to 1810 which includes only brief memoranda but which shows a remarkable diligence in travelling all over the country by stagecoach and by postchaise. He was a freemason, as were many of his family; he married Mary Home on 10 September 1770, with whom he had ten children, four of whom survived into adulthood.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Fellow of the Royal Society 1767.
Further Reading
Dictionary of National Biography, London.
A.E.Richardson, 1955, Robert Mylne, 1733–1811, Engineer and Architect, London: Batsford.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mylne — Robert Mylne Robert Mylne (* 1734 in Edinburgh; † 5. Mai 1811) war ein renommierter schottischer Architekt und Bauingenieur. Sein Großvater war Meistersteinmetz Robert Mylne (1633–1710), der vor allem als königlicher Baumeister des Holyrood… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Mylne — (* 1734 in Edinburgh; † 5. Mai 1811) war ein renommierter schottischer Architekt und Bauingenieur. Sein Großvater war Meistersteinmetz Robert Mylne (1633–1710), der vor allem als königlicher Baumeister des Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh b …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Mylne — Infobox Architect caption=Engraving of Mylne, aged 24, by Vincenzio Vangelisti, after a drawing by Richard Brompton. name=Robert Mylne nationality=Scottish birth date=4 January 1733 birth place=Edinburgh death date=5 May 1811 death place=Great… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Mylne (1633-1710) — Robert Mylne (1633 ndash; 10 December 1710) was a Scottish stonemason and architect. A descendant of the Mylne family of masons and builders, Robert was the last Master Mason to the Crown of Scotland, a post he held from 1668 until his death.… …   Wikipedia

  • Mylne — is a surname, and may refer to: Alfred Mylne (1871–1951), Scottish yacht designer John Mylne (d.1621), Scottish master mason John Mylne (d.1657), John Mylne of Perth , Scottish master mason John Mylne (1611–1667), John Mylne junior , Scottish… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Cadell — (16 December 1788 – 20 January 1849) was a bookseller and publisher closely associated with Sir Walter Scott. He born at Cockenzie, East Lothian, Scotland, the fifth son of John Cadell, a Laird of Cockenzie, and Marie Buchan, his wife.Cadell s… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Drummond of Carnock — Sir Robert Drummond of Carnock (died 1592) was Master of Work to the Crown of Scotland from 1579 to 1583. This was the responsibility for building and repair of palaces and castles. His appointment was made to be as Sir James Hamilton of Finnart… …   Wikipedia

  • John Mylne — John Mylne, retratado por un artista desconocido en la década de 1650. Información personal Nacimiento 1611 Perth (Escocia) …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Mylne (1611-1667) — Infobox Architect caption =John Mylne, painted by an unknown artist around 1650. name =John Mylne nationality =Scottish birth date =1611 birth place = Perth, Scotland death date = 24 December 1667 death place = Edinburgh significant buildings=… …   Wikipedia

  • William Chadwell Mylne — (April 1781 ndash; 25 December 1863) was a British engineer and architect. He was descended from a Scottish family of masons and architects, and was the second son of Robert Mylne (1733 1811), surveyor to the New River Company, and builder of the …   Wikipedia

  • John Mylne (d.1621) — John Mylne (d. 1621) was a Scottish master mason, the first of three successive generations of the name to serve as Master Mason to the Crown of Scotland. [No official record of his appointment exists, but he is described as such in contemporary… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”